Choline is naturally found in cauliflower, broccoli, and brewer’s yeast. It is an essential nutrient for wellness. It’s used to synthesize components of cell membranes, specifically those which contribute to structural integrity and providing biochemical signals. It’s particularly important for post-menopausal and pregnant women who will develop liver or muscle damage due to their deficiency. Diets rich in choline have been correlated with better liver and kidney health. Due to its improvement of cell signaling, it is often found in nootropics (brain-enhancing drugs).
Inositol is a carbohydrate, but not a sugar. It is produced in the body from glucose. Its primary function is to aid in cell signaling and the construction of messenger molecules. It can often be used as a chemically stable alternative to nitroglycerin. Inositol has been shown to reduce the symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder with effectiveness near the same level as SSRIs, without the negative side effects.
Lutein is a nutrient found in leafy green vegetables like spinach and kale. It is also responsible for the yellowness of chicken skin, and fat, but is not fatty itself. In the body it’s employed as an antioxidant, but its most important function seems to be in the eye. Lutein concentrates in the eye and is responsible for some of its pigmentation. Its concentration there is hypothesized to keep the eye safe from light damage, and increased pigmentation has been correlated with a reduced risk of macular degeneration and cataract development.
Flax seeds are rich in fiber and several vitamins and minerals, most notably thiamine magnesium, and phosphorous. However, their most outstanding benefit is their high concentration of polyunsaturated fats, which are important for a number of reasons. The three healthy fats found in flax seeds are Omega-3, Omega-9, and Omega-6 fatty acids.
Omega-3 fatty acids are important for metabolism, reduce inflammation, protect against coronary disease, and seem to be useful in treating depression. Omega-9 fatty acids seem to reduce blood pressure and similarly are associated with beneficial cholesterol ratios. Omega-6 is an essential fatty acid, whose deficiency causes mild skin scaling and hair loss.
Citrus Bioflavonoids Complex
Many plants contain flavonoids, which are used within the plants as pigments, chemical messengers, and regulators. When consumed by animals, they have different but similarly beneficial functions. Three flavonoids are found together in citrus and function interdependently. The three flavonoids are hesperidin, rutin, and quercetin. Together, these chemicals have a profound effect on blood vessel health. The symptoms they treat include hemorrhoids, leg ulcers, easy bruising, and nosebleeds.
Digestive Enzyme Blend
The four enzymes below are found in nature where they naturally break down proteins and starches. They perform the same function in the human body, where they complement the acids naturally found in the stomach to more rapidly break food down into its components for digestion.
Papain is a digestive enzyme found in papayas, as well as digestive tracts. Historically, it has been used for thousands of years to tenderize meat in South America. The reason for this, and its use as a digestive enzyme is because of its function breaking down tough protein fibers.
Betaine hydrochloride is used as a supplement for people who have a stomach acid deficiency. It contains hydrochloric acid, which digests food. It should be taken along with pepsin, which is also deficient in those with stomach acid deficiencies.
Bromelain is a protein enzyme extract derived from the stems of pineapples. Because of its effectiveness breaking down proteins, it is also used as a meat tenderizer. It is also used for wound debridement.
Amylases are enzymes that help convert starch into sugars. It is common in mammal saliva where it helps to start digestion. If you’ve ever chewed a starchy food for long enough for it to become sweet, amylases are responsible for that. Amylases are also instrumental in the process of fermentation.
The body is a complex collection of billions of organisms, each of whom must be healthy for the body’s overall health. Where vitamin and mineral supplements help reinforce the structures of the body, probiotic supplements help keep a healthy level of microorganisms within the body. One of the benefits of these microorganisms is the health of the immune function. The following three probiotics are found naturally in the body and have been used in foods for thousands of years. The “L” in each name stands for lactobacillus, meaning that they produce lactic acid as their byproduct. This is the acid responsible for the tartness of yogurt and pickles.
L. Acidophilus is a probiotic bacteria commonly used in yogurt, and found naturally in the digestive tract.
L. Brevis is found in many fermented foods, most notably sauerkraut, pickles, and kefir.
L. Bulgaricus was originally sourced from the leaves of the snowdrop flower, and is notable for being produced without any contact with lactose. In 1905, it was claimed as being responsible for some of the world’s oldest people’s vitality, as they regularly consumed yogurt produced by the bacteria.
Green and Whole Food Blend
Our green and whole food blend is a combination of foods with powerful health benefits in many areas. The whole foods in this list, especially chlorella, and spirulina, contain an amazing amount of nutrition for their size.
Chlorella is a single-cell algae that is remarkably high in protein, fat, carbohydrates, and vitamins. Part of the reason for its efficiency is its small size, and very little of the harvested mass goes to waste. Chlorella was developed as a food source in the 1950s when it became apparent that the world’s population was growing dramatically. In the belief that we would run out of food, Chlorella was seen as an efficient help to feed the growing population.
Pectin is a carbohydrate that is primarily used as a gelling agent for jams and jellies. These foods would be runny without the stabilizing effects of pectin, which bonds to molecules around it and gives fruit or jelly structure. In a similar fashion, pectin is also a good source of dietary fiber. Apples, with their rigid but juicy structure contain a high amount of pectin, constituting up to 1.5% pectin by weight.
Spirulina is another algae like chlorella, but with a more ancient tradition of use, having been a food source for the Aztecs and other Mesoamericans. Spirulina is notable for both its content and quality of protein. When dried, spirulina contains up to 70% protein by weight. In addition, it can be categorized as a complete protein because it contains all the essential amino acids, which are those that humans cannot synthesize and need to acquire by diet. It also contains a high amount of B-vitamins, iron, manganese, and is rich in more than a dozen other vitamins and minerals.
Chlorophyllin is the name for a group of chemicals similar to chlorophyll, well-known for photosynthesis and the green in leaves. The most common variety has a structure made of sodium and copper. Chlorophyllin can be used for reducing internal and external body odors, and its value as a health supplement comes from the fact that chlorophyllin binds to mutagens like cancer and possibly help in removing them. It does so on a level of magnitude higher than other cancer-preventative chemicals like resveratrol.
Herbs are traditionally known for adding zest to food. In a similar way, many herbs act as stimulants, boosting the function of one part of the body or another.
Garlic (Allium sativum)
Garlic is well-known as a cooking ingredient and its pungent oils. It has also been used for health for thousands of years. Virgil of the Romans recounts Greeks and Romans, soldiers, sailors, and rural people using it. It was cast as a cure-all due to its many invigorating effects. Garlic contains no single nutritional element in disproportionate amount but contains a high number, which may be partly responsible for its use for health. It’s hard to do conclusive scientific studies on its benefits because of how widely it’s used, but it is associated with reducing blood pressure, improving cholesterol levels, and fighting the common cold by boosting the immune system.
Echinacea (purpurea) Aerial
Echinacea is a type of daisy. It has been used by Americans for hundreds of years both internal and external relief. They learned of its benefits by watching elk eat the plants when sick or wounded, and called it elk root. Internally, it helps treat pain, reduce coughing and stomach cramps, and boost the immune system’s function.
Ginger (Zingiber officinale) root
Ginger is a plant that like garlic has been used for thousands of years both as a food and a medicine. As medicine, it’s highly effective for treating motion sickness. Crystallized ginger will help relieve many forms of nausea. It’s also traditionally used to stimulate, reduce inflammation, help digestion, and improve blood flow.
Cayenne is a kind of hot pepper, which is usually ground into a powder to add spice to dishes. Its level of spice comes from its high level of capsaicin. Capsaicin not only stimulates the taste buds but blood vessels and metabolism as well. It’s used for long-term weight loss, due to its tendency to increase energy expenditure. Its primary use is immediate, but it’s also useful when used regularly: helping to heal wounds, remove blood toxins, and relieve allergies.
Goldenseal is an herb related in the family referred to as “buttercup.” It is externally valuable as an antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, and astringent. It is very bitter so normally it’s taken orally in capsule form to stimulate the appetite and aid digestion.
All the ingredients below are well-known as food items, but we’ve included them in this multivitamin due not to their caloric content, but to their outstanding mineral and vitamin contents. Because they are widely-used as food items, accurate scientific studies lack a control group. Something may be said for their prevalence as food items, though!
Broccoli, cabbage, brussels sprout, and cauliflower
All four of these vegetables are the same species, which includes kale, cabbage, kohlrabi and several others, all called “cabbages”. Each vegetable has its own unique benefits, so we’ve included them for a robust selection of nutrients. Cabbage is low in calories, but high in vitamin C and vitamin K, as well as containing a moderate amount of B vitamins, and manganese. It can help repair skin damage due to containing glucoraphanin, which the body can also use to fight cancer. The beta carotene found in cabbage helps bolster the immune system.
Cabbage is surprisingly higher in vitamin C than oranges, usually considered the best natural source. Vitamin C in addition to reducing scurvy is an antioxidant, which helps you age naturally. Cabbage is also rich in Sulphur, which helps fight infections and ulcers.
Parsley is commonly used as a garnish but has its own unique benefits: it contains myristicin, which inhibits tumor formation, as well as a number of antioxidants the help fight cancer. It also contains a high amount of vitamin K, which strengthens bone composition and prevents calcium buildup.
Beet root powder
Beets are a leafy green vegetable with a dark red root, for which it is most widely known. This dark red root contains a high level of potassium, magnesium, and iron, along with vitamins A, B6, and C. Nitrites within the plant also help improve blood flow to the brain.
Carrots are commonly thought of as “being good for the eyes,” which is correct. Carrots have a high amount of beta-carotene, which we convert into Vitamin A. Vitamin A helps make a purple pigment which is essential for night vision. A diet rich in vitamin A reduces the risk of macular degeneration. It also helps slow down aging due to its use as an antioxidant.
Asparagus is similar to the cabbage family, in that it contains a high amount of glutathione, which helps detoxify the body. It also has a lot of folate and vitamin B12, which in combination help keep your brain healthy - both fast and flexible. It’s also a natural diuretic, which releases fluid and relieve excess salts.
Mushrooms have been used for millennia as medicine. Most mushrooms exhibit some sort of effect on the human body, but not all our beneficial. We’ve select a few of the most healthy and well-known mushrooms to include in this multivitamin. All material is derived from the aerial parts, known otherwise as “the cap.”
Shiitake (lentils edodes) aerial
Shiitake mushrooms have been used medicinally for more than 6000 years. They are a symbol of longevity in China due to their heals-inducing properties. They are high in iron, and this iron is highly available to the human digestive tract. They’re also strong immune system promoters, and can protect against cardiovascular diseases. They’re also very high in B & D vitamins.
Maitake (grifola frondosa) aerial
Maitake mushrooms contain quite a few immunity-boosting and anti-cancerous properties. They help boost the immune system through a fiber called beta glucan. Beta glucan increases production of immune system cells, both in your blood and tissues. Maitake mushrooms also help fight cancer through this effect, by producing white blood cells that fight tumors.
Reishi (ganoderma lucid) aerial
Reishi mushrooms are also good for immune system support and cancer prevention. In addition, they can help to lower blood pressure, as well as cholesterol. There’s limited evidence to suggest that they can help regular blood sugar, as well as to combat viruses within the body.
Fruits have their own set of vitamins and minerals, so in order to make this multivitamin more diverse and balanced, we included a wide variety of healthy fruit extracts. In general, these fruits are high in vitamin C, quercetin, and antioxidants.
Apples are long associated with health and vigor. Among their benefits rank: protection of brain healthhttp://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18298733, reduction of stroke risk http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23294925, reduction of diabetes risk http://www.bmj.com/content/347/bmj.f5001, and can help cancer prevention http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18855307.
Peaches have long been used in Chinese medicine and are associated with long life. To this end, research reports that peaches are a great source of beta-carotene, which the body turns to vitamin A. They also contain lycopene and lutein, which may prevent macular degeneration and heart disease.
Strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)
Strawberries are remarkably high in anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory nutrients, including among others quercetin, gallic acid, and resveratrol. Strawberries are also good for regulating your blood sugar levels.
Cranberry (vaccinium macrocarpon)
The cranberry is known in popular science as a treatment for urinary tract infections, but it has other benefits like regulation of cholesterol, promotion of weight loss, and as with most fruits, helps prevent cancer through antioxidant capacity.
Pineapple (ananas comosus)
Along with being high in vitamin C and manganese, pineapple also contain bromelain, which is a composite substance that helps digestion, tames inflammation, and reduces certain tumors. It is also associated with protection against macular degeneration along with other fruits.
Noni powder (morinda citrifolia)
Noni is a plant in the coffee family, and is also called “cheese fruit,” and “beach mulberry.” It’s been used in Chinese medicine to treat abdominal pain, impotence, and menstrual disorders. People also use it for many other ailments including cough, diabetes, fever, smallpox, and cataracts.